Division of Science

Division of Science offers 12 courses based on National Chinese Curriculum Standards, Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and Advanced Placement (AP), four of which are AP certified.

To see the world in a grain of sand

And a heaven in a wild flower

Hold infinity in the palm of your hand

And eternity in an hour

—William Blake

 The goal of the science department of Moonshot Academy is to inspire and support learners to experience the beauty of science through an exploratory journey based on real-life scenarios. Courses are designed to foster independent thinking skills, learning inquires, and mastery of rich scientific knowledge in the macro and micro world. Students will be expected to acquire a thorough understanding of scientific research methods involving hypothesis, experiment, verification, qualitative and quantitative analysis and apply them to understand and transform the world. Additionally, learners will develop scientific competencies that allow them to form a scientific view of relationships between the individuals and the objective world, to find the internal motivation to explore nature, and to maintain their original curiosity about the world.

MSA science courses are categorized into different levels to meet learners' interests, needs, and ability levels. We offer introductory and foundational science courses, advanced science courses, and some elective courses with specific topics.

  • The introductory science courses mainly focus on the training of core scientific content that learners have learned prior to high school and other basic scientific research methods.
  • The basic science course is divided into physics, chemistry, biology and geography, and it focus on the training of core contents and scientific methods of discipline foundation.
  • The advanced science course is designed for students with a strong interest in each of the four subjects and the content is based on AP textbooks.
  • Elective courses are intended for students interested in specific subjects from various disciplines, with contents of elective subjects and beyond.


Students can acquire basic knowledge and interdisciplinary concepts in classical and modern physics, chemistry, biology and geography, including the following ideas:

  • Matter and Its Interactions
  • Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
  • Energy
  • Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer
  • From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
  • Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy and Dynamics
  • Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits
  • Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
  • Earth's Place in the Universe
  • Earth's Systems
  • Earth and Human Activity
  • Crosscutting scientific concepts: Patterns; Cause and effect; Scale, proportion and quantity; Systems and system models; Energy and matter; Structure and function; Stability and change

Learners would experience the following scientific practices to form relevant competencies

  • Asking questions and defining problems
  • Developing and using models
  • Planning and carrying out investigations
  • Analyzing and interpreting data
  • Using mathematics and computational thinking
  • Constructing explanations and designing solutions
  • Engaging in argument from evidence
  • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information 

PHYS 1001: Introduction to Physics

Introduction to Physics is an introductory science course that invites students to observe and investigate nature from a scientist's perspective. It will provide students with scenarios where physics can support the real world and experiments and seminars for case analysis. Students will be encouraged to find ways that explain how nature is changing and developing in this course. The course will explore the connections and interactions of mass and energy as well as waves to electromagnetism. Hope this 1-year journey is worth it. 

PHYS 5003: AP Mechanics

As an introductory level course, Mechanics is based on mathematical calculations, scientific inquiries and laboratory experiments. Students will cultivate their knowledge of physics through investigations of topics including kinematics, dynamics, circular motion and gravitation, energy, momentum, simple harmonic motion, torque and rotational motion, and mechanical waves and sound.

PHYS 5004: AP Electricity and Magnetism

Electricity and Magnetism is an algebra-based, introductory high school-level physics course. Students will cultivate their knowledge of physics through investigations of topics including electrical force, field, and potential, electric circuits, magnetism and electromagnetic induction, geometric and physical optics, and quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics.

PHYS 5005: Calculus-based Mechanics

Calculus-based Mechanics is a college-level physics course. It covers kinematics, Newton’s laws of motion, work, energy, and power; systems of particles and linear momentum, circular motion and rotation, oscillations, and gravitation.

CHEM 1001: Introduction to Chemistry

This is an introductory course that provides an overview of chemistry and its application to real life. It aims to promote learners' curiosity and improve their skills for scientific discovery. This course lays the foundation for further studies in chemistry, material science, life sciences, and environmental sciences.

Therefore, "what is chemistry?" "What are the composition, structure and properties of matter?" "How does it react?" "How do we use chemistry to solve problems in real life?" Learners will find answers of above questions through a semester.

CHEM 3001: Intermediate Chemistry

This course introduces essential terms, concepts and laws in chemistry and relates them to materials and events in real life. Learners will learn chemistry in the context of their own experiences.

This course will focus on the following five questions: "what is the structure of an atom?" "What is the essence of chemical reaction?" "How are the elements in the periodic table arranged?" "How can chemical energy and electric energy be transformed into each other?" "What is organic chemistry?"


Through this course, it is hoped that learners can understand the basic properties and behavior of matter. On a deeper level, teachers hope learners understand that chemistry is the basis of technology. At the same time, chemical experimental technology also represents objective empiricism.

CHEM 5001: AP Chemistry

This course provides the professional knowledge in chemistry covered in a year-long college/pre-university level learning of chemistry concepts.

This course will explore "how the arrangement of particles affects the macro state of matter?" "How do particles form matter?" "What is the essence of chemical reaction?" "What factors affect the reaction speed?" "What does the change of enthalpy in chemical reaction mean?" "What is le Chatelier's principle?"

CHEM 6001:Chemistry and Life

In this course, we will learn about chemistry-related knowledge in life and how to apply them to obtain a better life experience through chemistry experiments closely related to life.

BIOL1001: Introduction to Biology

This is an introductory course in biology. Learners will develop their understanding of biology by exploring three themes: health, genetics, and ecology. This course will help learners enter the biological world through four major contents: from molecule to biology (structure and process), ecosystem (interaction, energy, and dynamics), genetics (inheritance and variation of traits), and biological evolution (unity and diversity).

BIOL 3001: Intermediate Biology

This is an introductory course for beginners of high school biology. Throughout the course, learners will have the opportunity to study cell biology and genetics from discussions over the problems of teenage obesity, diabetes and rare diseases. The curriculum will also cover evolution topics to help students understand the most influential theories in this field.

BIOL 5001: AP Advanced Biology

Adapted from the development of modern biology and life science, the curriculum is divided into five modules theme (cells, genetic and evolution, homeostasis and regulation, ecology, biotechnology). With each module theme focusing on one aspect of modern biology, collectively they will constitute a complete system of modern biology discipline. The completion of all module topics indicates one's mastery of core concepts in high school biology required by the Chinese National College Entrance Examination. Students will think critically, learn inquiringly, and participate actively in the relevant social issues. Such immersive learning experiences constitute key competencies required in life science subjects.

This course is designed for students interested in future studies in medical college, agronomy, medicine, life science, neuroscience and brain-like intelligence science, man-machine engineering, nutrition and food science, environmental science, ocean science and related fields. It is suitable for students who desire to participate in international and domestic biology competitions or become high-level student biologists. It is suggested to take senior high school chemistry and physics course is suggested at the same time.

Despite all the "instrumental rationality", as a natural science which directly touches "life", it helps one to understand and reflect on "what is a man" while looking at such issues as "the present and the past, I and others, man and environment, self-interest and altruism, competition and cooperation, contingency and necessity, strong and weak" and other major basic problem from a biological perspective. With a conceptualized understanding of the subject, biology equips us with a powerful, critical and natural thinking tool to study human development and social problems, dispels the myth of "one-dimensional man" in the era of industrial and technological dividends, and promotes the "all-round and free development of man".

GEOG1001: Introduction to Physical Geography

Physical geography is a subject that studies the phenomena of spatial distribution in the environment, the process of creating and changing these distributions, and the impact of these distributions on human beings. In this introductory course, we will explore the main concepts of physical geography and the tools and methods used by physical geographers to study landscape, ocean, climate and weather.