Division of Science

Division of Science offers 17 courses based on National Chinese Curriculum Standards, Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and Advanced Placement (AP), five of which are AP certified.

To see the world in a grain of sand

And a heaven in a wild flower

Hold infinity in the palm of your hand

And eternity in an hour

—William Blake

 The goal of the science department of Moonshot Academy is to inspire and support learners to experience the beauty of science through an exploratory journey based on real-life scenarios. Courses are designed to foster independent thinking skills, learning inquires, and mastery of rich scientific knowledge in the macro and micro world. Students will be expected to acquire a thorough understanding of scientific research methods involving hypothesis, experiment, verification, qualitative and quantitative analysis and apply them to understand and transform the world. Additionally, learners will develop scientific competencies that allow them to form a scientific view of relationships between the individuals and the objective world, to find the internal motivation to explore nature, and to maintain their original curiosity about the world.

MSA science courses are categorized into different levels to meet learners' interests, needs, and ability levels. We offer introductory and foundational science courses, advanced science courses, and some elective courses with specific topics.

  • The introductory science courses mainly focus on the training of core scientific content that learners have learned prior to high school and other basic scientific research methods.
  • The basic science course is divided into physics, chemistry, biology and geography, and it focus on the training of core contents and scientific methods of discipline foundation.
  • The advanced science course is designed for students with a strong interest in each of the four subjects and the content is based on AP textbooks.
  • Elective courses are intended for students interested in specific subjects from various disciplines, with contents of elective subjects and beyond.


Students can acquire basic knowledge and interdisciplinary concepts in classical and modern physics, chemistry, biology and geography, including the following ideas:

  • Matter and Its Interactions
  • Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
  • Energy
  • Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer
  • From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
  • Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy and Dynamics
  • Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits
  • Biological Evolution: Unity and Diversity
  • Earth's Place in the Universe
  • Earth's Systems
  • Earth and Human Activity
  • Crosscutting scientific concepts: Patterns; Cause and effect; Scale, proportion and quantity; Systems and system models; Energy and matter; Structure and function; Stability and change

Learners would experience the following scientific practices to form relevant competencies

  • Asking questions and defining problems
  • Developing and using models
  • Planning and carrying out investigations
  • Analyzing and interpreting data
  • Using mathematics and computational thinking
  • Constructing explanations and designing solutions
  • Engaging in argument from evidence
  • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information 

Introduction to Physics

Introduction to Physics is an introductory science course that invites students to observe and investigate nature from a scientist's perspective. It will provide students with scenarios where physics can support the real world and experiments and seminars for case analysis. Students will be encouraged to find ways that explain how nature is changing and developing in this course. The course will explore the connections and interactions of mass and energy as well as waves to electromagnetism. Hope this 1-year journey is worth it. 

AP Mechanics

Mechanics is an algebraic-based course learned through inquiry and experimentation. This course aims to enable learners to understand basic physical phenomena, describe physical phenomena in scientific language, understand basic scientific research methods, and apply basic knowledge of quadratic equations and trigonometric functions.

As the preferred course for advanced physics, AP Physics (Mechanics) will take you to explore the principles behind various phenomena. Through rigorous reasoning and calculation, you will explain and even predict some phenomena in life, and solve some common mechanical problems.

AP Electricity and Magnetism

Electricity and Magnetism is an algebra-based, introductory high school-level physics course. Students will cultivate their knowledge of physics through investigations of topics including electrical force, field, and potential, electric circuits, magnetism and electromagnetic induction, geometric and physical optics, and quantum, atomic, and nuclear physics.

Calculus-based Mechanics

Calculus-based Mechanics is a college-level physics course. It covers kinematics, Newton’s laws of motion, work, energy, and power; systems of particles and linear momentum, circular motion and rotation, oscillations, and gravitation.

Physics competition seminar

The physics competition seminar is intended to be the encounter with physics problem solving for students with strong math skills and interests. This course will guide students towards successful participation at the physics bowl and BPHO. The curriculum will cover the areas as those competitions dose, i.e., parts of classical mechanics, electricity and magnetism. This course may involve calculus. Recommended for students with prior experience with physics problem solving, strong self-motivation, and math skills.

Introduction to Chemistry

This is an introductory course that provides an overview of the chemistry and its application to real life. It encourages curiosity and improves the skills for scientific discovery. This course lays the foundation for further studies in chemistry, material science, life sciences, and environmental sciences. The course contains five learning themes: scientific investigation and chemical experiments, properties and applications of substances, composition and structure of substances, chemical changes of substances, chemistry and society, and interdisciplinary practices.

Rumor Buster

We can often hear something amazing in life: cans can last for over ten years because of the antisectic, which will lead to cancer if taken for a long term; aspartame will not cause obesity when used as a substitute of suger in drinks. Are all these statements reasonable? What "principles" are hidden in a seemingly rigorous science article? Let's do a "internet troll" to answer these doubts.

Campus Tester

Sea of advertisements are flooded in our life:99 kinds of stains can be washed away by our new powder; a novel health product with the most excellent effect ever before; a magic spray can make you cool down immediately you sprinkle onto your skin.... Do they really have such magical effects? What are the scientific principles behind this? Let's explore and select the best.

Intermediate Chemistry

This course introduces essential terms, concepts and laws in chemistry and relates them to materials and events in real life. Learners will learn chemistry in the context of their own experiences.

This course will focus on the following five questions: "what is the structure of an atom?" "What is the essence of chemical reaction?" "How are the elements in the periodic table arranged?" "How can chemical energy and electric energy be transformed into each other?" "What is organic chemistry?"


Through this course, it is hoped that learners can understand the basic properties and behavior of matter. On a deeper level, teachers hope learners understand that chemistry is the basis of technology. At the same time, chemical experimental technology also represents objective empiricism.

AP Chemistry

This course provides the professional knowledge in chemistry covered in a year-long college/pre-university level learning of chemistry concepts.

This course will explore "how the arrangement of particles affects the macro state of matter?" "How do particles form matter?" "What is the essence of chemical reaction?" "What factors affect the reaction speed?" "What does the change of enthalpy in chemical reaction mean?" "What is le Chatelier's principle?"

Introduction to Biology

This is an introductory course in biology. Learners will develop their understanding of biology by exploring three themes: health, genetics, and ecology. This course will help learners enter the biological world through four major contents: from molecule to biology (structure and process), ecosystem (interaction, energy, and dynamics), genetics (inheritance and variation of traits), and biological evolution (unity and diversity).

Biology Project

This introductory course cultivates learners' understanding of biology through inquiry-based investigations and project-based learning, as they explore the two topics: Taxonomy and Health.

Biology is the study of life. The diversity of species makes biology both an endless source of fascination and a considerable challenge. Through the learning of the first topic, learners will know how to simplify the study of the numerous species and use their knowledge to protect the living organisms and the environment they share with us.

The second topic is Health, which is a concern of everyone. Learners will get to understand that human health is a consequence of the relationships and interactions between biological processes in our bodies, our lifestyles and the conditions we live in.

Intermediate Biology

This course integrates both Pre-AP biology and Chinese high school biology curriculum, which is structured around the core and component ideas: Ecosystem, From molecules to organisms, Heredity, and Biological evolution. You will develop essential biology knowledge by applying science practices (see below) through inquiry-style experiences that will provide you with an organizational framework for connecting knowledge from across disciplines into a coherent and scientifically based view of the world. You will develop the habits of mind that are necessary for scientific thinking and that allow you to engage in science in ways that are similar to those used by scientists.

AP Advanced Biology

Adapted from the development of modern biology and life science, the curriculum is divided into five modules theme (cells, genetics and evolution, the homeostasis and regulation, ecology, biotechnology). As each module theme focuses on one aspect of modern biology, collectively they will constitute a complete system of modern biology discipline. The completion of all module topics indicates the mastery of core concepts in high school biology with an Advanced Placement level. Students will think critically, learn inquiringly, and participate actively in related social issues, which constitute key competencies for a condensed life science learning experience.

This course is designed for students interested in the future studies in medical college, agronomy, medicine, life science, neuroscience and brain-like intelligence science, man-machine engineering, nutrition and food science, environmental science, ocean science and related fields. It is suitable for the students in a planned way to participate in the activities of biology competitions at home and abroad to study, students of high level biology, Taking senior high school chemistry and physics course is suggested at the mean time.

Introduction to Earth Science

Hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, and other natural hazards happen every day. Where is it safe to live? How has the global climate changed since the Ice Age? Why is London warmer than Heilongjiang, even though London is closer to the North Pole than Heilongjiang? How do earth processes influence our lives? What stories do landscapes tell?

If you are interested in exploring these questions, you're welcome to join this introductory course, which provides you with a basic knowledge of Earth's natural features and the processes that affect them. Understanding how earth, an integrated system, functions and how it varies over space and time is crucial for making informed decisions about the use and preservation of Earth's natural environments and resources. Focusing on the four components of the earth system — land, water, air, and life — and their interactions, this course identifies physical phenomena and natural processes and stresses their characteristics, relationships, and distributions. GIS, geographic data, maps, satellite images, and numerous landscape photographs are offered for learners to study and analyze the physical environments around us. One of the highlights of this course is the use of GIS (Geographic Information System) which is rarely taught in high schools in China, but it is a recommended skill when applying for earth science related majors such as geography, environmental science, animal protection, city planning, and others.

Geography Project

This PBL course enables learners to view real world problems from a spatial perspective, focusing on understanding and explaining the locations and distributions of phenomena. Learners need to apply the knowledge and methods of the natural and physical sciences using the scientific method, including asking a valid GEO-inquiry question, collecting geographic data (GPS) on fields, organizing and analyzing data with geographic information science (GIS), and communicating findings and results in geographic representations (Story Map).


Basic knowledge of Earth's natural features won't be covered in this course. However, collecting data in the field and applying geographic tools, especially GIS which is rarely taught in high schools in China highlights how learners could apply geography to interpret the present under the lens of spatial analysis and aid in personal and societal decision making and problem solving.

AP Environmental Science

AP Environmental Science is a year-long course designed to show thematic connections between a variety of science disciplines including biology, chemistry, and physics. It gives students a coherent and realistic picture of the applications of a variety of scientific concepts as they manifest in our environment. Students will focus on human population growth, natural resources, biodiversity, global resource use, ecosystem dynamics and global change. As a college level course, the amount of material covered as well as the complexity of the topics will be high. Students are expected to read difficult texts, participate in self- directed learning and keep up with the fast pace of the course. The aim of this course is to increase students’ knowledge of the environmental challenges of today, while continuing to cultivate scientific critical thinking skills. Mastery of this course will develop empathy and a sense of global awareness. Students taking this course should have a passion for saving and improving the world they live in as many of the assignments are focused on real world problems and solutions.